Anisotropic spin and charge excitations in superconductors: signature of electronic nematic order

We study spin and charge susceptibilities in the d-wave superconducting state whose underlying electronic dispersion is anisotropic due to the formation of the electronic nematic order. We show that the amplitude of the incommensurate peaks in the spin susceptibility near (π, π) reveals a pronounced anisotropy in the momentum space. The relevance of our findings to the magnetic scattering pattern observed in recent neutron scattering measurements on untwinned YBa2Cu3O6+x is discussed. In the charge channel, we identify a well-defined collective mode at small momentum transfer with strong anisotropic amplitude depending on the direction of momentum transfer, which is associated with the broken symmetry due to nematic ordering.

Ying-Jer Kao and Hae-Young Kee
Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A7